There is no doubt that the mosquito is one of the most annoying animals that usually appears wherever we are, not only because of the terrible squeaking it makes when it flutters nearby, but also because of the discomfort caused by its bite. Now, if you think you have been a victim of one of these plagues, here you will find everything you need to know about the mosquito bite, how to differentiate it, what to do to prevent it and what are the treatments that can be applied.
How do you know if it is a mosquito bite?
Let’s see, the first thing we need to know is how to identify the mosquito bite. Usually, when one of these insects bites a human being, certain reactions are produced that make it easier to conclude whether or not this particular plague has been treated.
Thus, among the main symptoms or signs that appear as a product of a mosquito picket are:
- Formation of a reddened lump, which produces itching and which appears as a response of the immune system to contact with the saliva of the mosquito, disappearing after a few days.
- Various allergic reactions, which may involve urticaria and blisters and which, in more severe cases, may result in anaphylaxis, an allergic reaction that constitutes a medical emergency.
- Appearance of various diseases, such as dengue, malaria, chikungunya, zika and West Nile virus, some more serious than others and only a few preventable with vaccines.
How to avoid a mosquito sting?
Of course, nobody wants to have to deal with the itching and discomfort caused by a mosquito bite, much less with the diseases that some of these insects can transmit. Fortunately, there are certain measures that can be implemented to reduce the risk of being attacked by these bugs, which include:
- Use mosquito repellent when outdoors: it is recommended to choose one with DEET, icaridin, lemon eucalyptus oil, para-menthane-diol or IR535, among its components, in addition to following the packaging instructions, for a safe and effective application.
- Keep the body covered: in case of being exposed to a place infested by mosquitoes, it is advisable to use clothing that covers most of the body possible, such as long-sleeved shirts, long pants and socks. It must be taken into account that these bugs can sting even through the thin fabric, so it is advisable to spray a little repellent on the clothes.
- Use screens on doors and windows: also, in case of having air conditioning, its operation is recommended.
- Eliminate mosquito breeding sites: to ensure that these insects are not hanging around and therefore can not bite you, it is imperative to drain the stagnant water, whether they are in pots, gutters, discarded tires, or any other container that can serve so that the mosquitoes reproduce.
- Find out about the places you intend to visit in case of travel: if you plan to travel, you should know if there is a risk of contracting any of the diseases spread by the mosquito bite and, if possible, obtain the vaccine or medication for your prevention.
What to do if a mosquito bites you?
If in spite of your efforts to avoid a mosquito bite, you have turned out to be a victim of these animals, do not hesitate to follow the following recommendations to resolve the matter.
- Avoid scratching yourself: even if the itching seems unbearable, you should avoid scratching the reddened lump that the mosquito has left on your skin. If it helps you, you can cover the area with gauze or a bandage, which will also prevent the wound from getting infected.
- Clean the affected area: wash the wound with plenty of water and neutral soap to remove any traces of saliva that the mosquito may have left, as this will calm the irritation and make it easier for the lesion to heal.
Natural remedies for a mosquito bite
In addition to the basic tips we discussed above to treat mosquito bites, there are also certain natural remedies that you can find in your own home to deal with this small problem.
- Apple cider vinegar: its antiseptic properties make it the perfect ally to disinfect the wound and prevent it from getting worse. Soak a cotton ball with apple cider vinegar and apply it on the welt left by the insect. If you have many bites, fill the tub with hot water, add 2 ½ cups of apple cider vinegar and immerse for a few minutes.
- Aloe vera: another excellent remedy for mosquito bites is aloe vera, a plant that, when applied directly on the affected area, will help soothe the itching and reduce inflammation.
- Onion: Onion is one of the natural remedies par excellence to treat various ailments and skin problems. Therefore, if you have been bitten by a mosquito, you can place a thin slice of onion on the welt, leaving it to act for a couple of minutes, and then wash with plenty of soap and water.
- Honey: thanks to its disinfectant properties, honey will help sterilize the area and reduce itching. Apply a drop on the bite and, once it has dried, rinse with plenty of warm water.
- Lemon: it may burn a bit but its aseptic effect is excellent to prevent the area from becoming infected. You can take a cotton soaked with the juice of half a lemon and then place it on the bite, or you can cut the lemon in half, and rub one of the parts directly on the affected area.
When to go to the doctor in fron of a mosquito sting?
While it is true that most mosquito bites are not really serious and do not merit medical care, there are times when it is necessary to consult a specialist, in order to receive the appropriate treatment to avoid further complications.
Thus, if you have been bitten by one of these insects and manifest signs or serious symptoms, such as fever, headaches, body aches or infection, do not hesitate to contact your health provider as soon as possible.